The turnip or white turnips is a root vegetable generally grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, fleshy taproot. The phrase turnips is a compound of flip as in turned/rounded on a lathe and neep, derived from Latin napus, the phrase for the plant. Small, tender varieties are grown for human consumption, whereas bigger varieties are grown as feed for livestock. Within the north of England, Scotland, Eire, Cornwall and jap Canada, turnip usually refers to rutabaga, a bigger, yellow root vegetable in the identical genus also referred to as swede.
Description Of Turnip
The commonest kind of turnip is usually white-skinned other than the higher, which protrude above the bottom and are purple or pink or greenish the place the solar has hit. This above-ground half develops from stem tissue however is fused with the foundation. The inside flesh is totally white. The foundation is roughly globular, from in diameter, and lacks aspect roots. Beneath, the taproot is skinny and or extra in size; it’s usually trimmed off earlier than the vegetable is bought. The leaves develop instantly from the above-ground shoulder of the foundation, with little or no seen crown or neck.
Turnips leaves are typically eaten as “turnip greens”, and so they resemble mustard greens in flavour. Turnips greens are a standard aspect dish in southeastern U.S. cooking, primarily throughout late Fall and Winter. Smaller leaves are most popular, however, the bitter style of bigger leaves might be diminished by pouring off the water from the preliminary boiling and changing it with contemporary water.
Types of turnip
Types of turnip grown particularly for his or her leaves resemble mustard greens and have small or no storage roots. These embrace rapini, bok choy, and Chinese language cabbage. Just like uncooked cabbage or radish, turnips leaves and roots have a pungent flavour that turns into milder after cooking.
Turnip roots weigh as much as, though they’re often harvested when smaller. Measurement is partly a operate of selection and partly a operate of the size of time the turnips has grown. Most very small turnips are speciality varieties.
These are solely out there when freshly harvested and don’t preserve effectively. Most child turnips might be eaten complete, together with their leaves. Child turnips are bought in yellow-, orange-, and red-fleshed varieties, in addition to white-fleshed. Their flavour is delicate, to allow them to be eaten uncooked in salads like radishes and different greens.
Boiled inexperienced leaves of the highest of the turnip present of meals vitality in a reference serving of. And are 93% water, 4% carbohydrates, and 1% protein, with negligible fats. The boiled greens are a wealthy supply significantly of vitamin Ok. With vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate additionally in vital content material. Boiled turnip greens additionally comprise substantial lutein.
In a 100-gram reference quantity, boiled turnip root provides, with solely vitamin C in a reasonable quantity. Different micronutrients in boiled turnips are in low or negligible content material. Boiled turnip is 94% water, 5% carbohydrates, and 1% protein, with negligible fats.
Wild types of the turnip and its kin, the mustards and radishes, are discovered over western Asia and Europe. Although these usually are not the identical turnips cultivated for its roots. Moreover, estimates of domestication dates are restricted to linguistic analyses of plant names.
As a root crop, turnips develop greatest in a cool climate; scorching temperatures trigger the roots to develop into woody and bad-tasting. They’re usually planted within the spring in cold-weather climates the place the rising season is simply 3–4 months. In temperate climates, turnips may additionally be planted in late summertime for a second fall crop. In warm-weather climates, they’re planted within the fall. 55–60 days is the typical time from planting to reap.
Turnips are a biennial plant, taking two years from germination to the replica. The foundation spends the primary yr rising and storing vitamins, and the second yr flowers produce seeds and die. The flowers of the turnips are tall and yellow, with the seeds forming in pea-like pods. In areas with lower than seven-month rising seasons, temperatures are too chilly for the roots to outlive the winter. To supply seeds, pulling the turnips and storing them over winter is important, taking care to not injury the leaves. In the course of the spring, they could be set again within the floor to finish their lifecycle.
Turnip Human use
In England round 1700, Turnips Townshend promoted using turnips in a four-year crop-rotation system that enabled year-round livestock feeding. Most of England, the smaller white greens are referred to as turnips. Whereas the bigger yellow ones are known as swedes. In the US, turnips are identical, however, swedes are often referred to as rutabagas. Neeps are mashed and eaten with haggis, historically on Burns Night time.
Turnips are carved out as lanterns for Halloween festivals within the Isle of Man, Eire and Scotland. At Halloween in Scotland in 1895, masqueraders in disguise carried lanterns made out of scooped-out turnips.
The turnip is an outdated vegetable cost in heraldry. It was utilized by Leonhard von Keutschach, prince-archbishop of Salzburg. The turnips are nonetheless the warmth defend within the arms of Keutschach am See.